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Dental Extractions: Types and Procedure

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Extractions, or the removal of teeth, are necessary when a tooth is damaged or decayed beyond repair and cannot be repaired by restorative procedures such as fillings or crowns. Extractions may also be necessary if a patient is suffering from a wide variety of reasons, including:

  • Severe decay
  • Periodontal (gum) disease
  • Impacted wisdom teeth
  • Orthodontic treatment

Types of Extractions

  • Simple extractions
  • Surgical extractions
  • Simple Extraction

A simple extraction is performed on a tooth that is visible in the mouth. The dentist will use forceps to rock the tooth back and forth to dislodge it. This extraction method is usually used for teeth that are visible above the gum line.

The patient will be given a local anesthetic before the extraction. Nitrous oxide may also be used to keep the patient relaxed during the process. An increase in salivation is also common during this type of extraction.

Surgical Extraction

A surgical extraction is a last resort when a tooth cannot be saved. Surgical extractions involve removing a tooth from its socket and suturing up the gums. This procedure is typically only recommended if the tooth has been broken, is impacted or has not erupted from the gum. Typically, surgical extractions are done on wisdom teeth.

Impacted Wisdom Teeth

The most common form of dental extraction is removing a tooth that is fully or partially erupted. An impacted tooth can be painful, and may also cause alignment issues. Impacted teeth occur when the tooth is prevented from erupting into the proper alignment. This can occur as a result of overcrowding in the mouth. When teeth are in a misaligned position, the opposing teeth tend to shift, which can result in a narrow arch or an overbite. Impacted teeth can also become infected.

An extraction is the best option for patients who experience extreme pain from a tooth that cannot be repaired through other dental treatments. It s best advised to visit an experienced dentist at the earliest to avoid further dental complications.

At Westwood Dental, our experienced team provides emergency dental care for patients in Draper, Utah. To schedule an appointment, call (801) 716-7006 or visit our office at 11576 S State St Suite #1201, Draper, UT 84020.