Tooth extraction is a dental procedure performed to remove a tooth or multiple teeth from their sockets in the alveolar bone. Extractions are performed for a versatile range of reasons, but generally, teeth are removed when they are inflicted with large decay, periodontitis, or severe injury.
When do you need a tooth extraction?
Tooth extraction is performed in the following scenarios:
● Irreversible tooth damage: Decay or damage that reaches the center of the tooth infects the dental pulp and tooth roots. Teeth lose most of their structure and it becomes impossible to save them. Such severely damaged teeth are extracted to prevent the infection from spreading.
● Overcrowding: Sometimes patients have small dental arches that cannot accommodate all the teeth. Such patients have crooked and misaligned teeth, which cause severe orthodontic problems. Teeth are extracted to eliminate overcrowding.
●Infection: Tooth decay and damage that makes its way into the dental pulp infects the inlying nerves and blood vessels. When the infection advances to the tooth roots, tooth extraction becomes inevitable.
● Periodontitis: Periodontitis is the advanced stage of gum disease. It causes the gums to pull away from teeth, exposing their roots. As a result, teeth become loose and require extraction.
● Impacted teeth: Teeth oftentimes fail to erupt through the gums and remain impacted below the gumline. Such teeth cause infections and orthodontic problems. It is in a patient's best interest to get these teeth extracted. This is especially true for canines and wisdom teeth.
● Dental trauma: Injury to the mouth often ends in broken teeth. When the trauma is extreme and dreadful, tooth extraction is performed.
What are the different types of tooth extractions?
Tooth extraction is performed by an oral surgeon in a dentist's chair. It is of two types.
1. Simple tooth extraction
Simple tooth extraction is performed when the damaged or decayed tooth is easily accessible and visible above the gumline. It is performed under local anesthesia to avoid discomfort and pain.
Dental forceps and elevators are used to extract the tooth from its socket.
2. Surgical tooth extraction
Surgical tooth extraction is performed when a tooth lies impacted below the gumline or breaks below the gum line. In such scenarios, teeth are not easily accessible and are not visible above the gum line. It is performed under general anesthesia to avoid discomfort and pain.
An incision is made in the gums to access the underlying tooth. Soft tissues and connective tissues are removed to fully expose the impacted tooth. Then, the tooth is cut into small parts to facilitate its removal. Dental forceps and elevators are used to extract each part of the tooth from its socket. The gums are then sutured back securely.
At Westwood Dental, in Draper, Dr. David Reynolds and his team employ the best practices of modern dentistry to address your oral health issues. Using state of the art technology, they perform full mouth rehabilitation to provide you the finest smile makeover in Draper, Utah.
Schedule an appointment with us at 801-438-3332 or visit our dental practice at 11576 S. State St., Suite #1201, Draper 8400. You can also email us at [email protected]